If you are looking for a big, friendly, energetic and good-natured partner, this is your dog! Golden retriever dogs are the perfect animal for a family. They emanate good energy, love to play for hours, enjoy with the children, barely have behavioral problems and are eager to please what else can you ask for?
Golden Retriever Size and Weight
Height: male 56-61 cm., Female 51-56 cm.
FCI Classification: Group 8, section 1 “hunting dogs” (with proof of work).
Other names: Golden collector, golden retriever.
Origin: Great Britain
Golden Retriever Overview
This breed is distinguished by its good character since the Golden Retrievers are cheerful, friendly, kind, confident, sociable, and very little territorial dogs. They are friends from everyone, and they don’t stick only to one person. They are not aggressive, or distrustful of strangers, so they are not good watchdogs. However, they are easy to train, and with good socialization. They will delight any family and treat children with infinite patience and great docility.
They love caresses, pampering, games, walks and all kinds of interaction with people.
If we were to hit them, the golden ones are a bit “intense” dogs, they play tirelessly, especially when they are young. They are dogs that love to jump, walk, run, get into the water and mud, be in human company and have a lot of contacts. All this is great if you love super sociable and energetic dogs, of course, but if you are calmer and independent, surely another type of dog suits you better.
They are so good-natured and innocent that some people may consider them “dumb.” It is not that they are, but that innocence and certain infantilism is their natural way of acting, even when they are adults. Keep this in mind, if you are one of those who prefer a more serious and calm dog.
When they are used as collector dogs they are great workers, always willing to help their owner, without fear of getting any type of land.
They are also incredibly greedy. They are always hungry, the amount of food is never enough, so you should keep an eye on how much you give if you don’t want him to become fat. Keep in mind that because of their large size, they eat enough food a day, so you should consider this expense, before deciding on one of these dogs.
To prevent golden retrievers from becoming hyperactive, try to keep them busy, exercising, and if possible, making them play to pick up the ball and other objects as large toys since they love to transport things in their mouths (reminiscent of their origin as dogs collecting ducks and other pieces). The Golden or golden collectors love field trips where they can run and burn energy, and if you want to brighten the day, take it to a creek or a swamp, and you will see it enjoy as a child because they love to dive!
Characteristics of Golden Retriever dogs
The Golden Retriever dog has a strong and robust body, its legs and back are muscular, and its tail that reaches the hock has long hair fringes. Large in size, its weight is 30 to 34 kilos for males, and 25 to 30 kilos for females. Its height at the cross is from 56 to 61 cm. the males, and 51-56 cm. the females.
Its chest is deep and wide, straight and parallel legs seen from the side. The top line of its spine is horizontal. Its tail well covered with hair falls when it is at rest and rises when they are in motion, without bending over the spine.
Its head is wide and well-turned, but it is not coarse. The stop (or frontal nasal depression) is well defined. Its snout is strong, wide and moderately long. Powerful, well-formed jaws, with full dentures and scissor bites. The nouse is preferably black, although sometimes it can be brown.
The ears are medium and hang on both sides of the face. Their ears have shorter hair than in the body. They are inserted more or less at eye level.
The eyes are well separated from each other, they are medium-sized, dark brown and with black eyelids. His expression is awake and kind, without a trace of aggression or fear.
His movement is powerful, with thrust and power. Its passage is free and long, with easy walking and jogging.
The most striking thing about this breed is its semi-long water-resistant hair layer, which can be straight or wavy. The golden retriever has short hair on the face, ears and the front of the legs. On the back, chest, and back of the legs, the hair is longer. And in the tail, it tends to form fringes.
They also have a softer inner layer of coat, which helps them maintain their body heat. You should know that the golden is one of the races that loose the most hair, so if you hate cleaning pet hair, this breed is not the best option for you.
The most characteristic of his hair is his gold color. Golden dogs are always golden, but the intensity of the color can vary greatly between cream or very light sand, to a soft golden brown. Neither pure white nor red nor mahogany are accepted in the golden retriever standard.
Golden retriever dogs can be of the following colors:
- Gold, in any shade of gold
- Soft golden brown
- Cream, even in very light tones.
Some white hairs on the chest are allowed. But the white golden retriever or white spots in the aforementioned colors are not supported. Neither red nor mahogany colors are allowed.
Cost of Aquisition
The price of the golden retriever is 350 to 1,200 euros approximately.
This depends on the genetic lines of the dog, it’s quality and beauty, the vaccines and official documents that are provided, its international awards and the reputation of the breeder.
If you are going to buy a golden retriever, always contact breeders responsible for the breed, visit its facilities and meet the puppies and their parents. It is always preferable that puppies are raised in a family environment. Never buy in pet stores or in multi-breed puppy farms, which prevent you from visiting its facilities, the puppy and its parents.
How long does a golden retriever dog live?
The life expectancy of the golden retriever is 10 to 12 years, on average.
With good genetics, proper veterinary care, balanced nutrition, and moderate exercise, some golden can live 13 or 14 years.
Health and diseases of the Golden Retriever
- Golden dogs can suffer from any of these diseases:
- Otitis and ear infections, due to their hanging ears
- Cancer: has an exaggerated incidence in the golden retriever. It is estimated that 60% of these dogs die of cancer.
- Tendency to obesity, so we must monitor the amount of daily food we offer.
- Hip dysplasia, which causes lameness, mobility difficulties, and chronic joint pain.
- Elbow dysplasia
- Hereditary cataracts
Dogs that suffer from some of these diseases, may have reduced their life expectancy compared to other healthy golden, and die between 8 and 9 years. Regarding the high incidence of cancer on this breed, a study that affects 3,000 dogs is currently being prepared to try to determine the cause.
This is not something that has always happened to these dogs but has increased exponentially since the 1990s.
Golden Retriever Dog Also known as “Golden Retriever,” the Golden Retriever is a big dog, raised as a hunter in his Scottish origins. Today the Golden Retriever dog has become an ideal companion breed because of its friendly and confident character. The Golden is fun, affectionate, loyal and kind to all family members, including the crazy little ones.
A golden retriever, for its characteristics, is a good dog for active people, lovers of sport and outdoor outings. It is also suitable for families, especially if they have a garden or live near the countryside. After all, this active and big-nosed dog will delight anyone who has fun playing with his dog. Especially, ball or any fetch-type game that involves carrying objects with his mouth.
If you like dogs and want to learn more stories and curiosities about them, know all the breeds of dogs, sorted by size, with images, by clicking on the link above.
Golden Retriever History
Nous, photo taken in 1872. The origin of the Golden Retriever dog is in Scotland in the nineteenth century. In 1850 and in later decades, the golden collector emerged from only British hunting dogs. Curiously, there was a false legend about the history of the Golden. Some said that their ancestors were acquired in a Russian circus.
But we know that that of the Russian circus is only a myth because of this race specifically we do have the written records of the first crosses, between 1835 and 1890 (which does not always happen).
We know that the lineage of golden retriever dogs originated exactly with a golden retriever called Nous that came from a Brighton shoemaker and a Tweed Water Spaniel called Belle (this breed is already extinct). You can see the authentic Nous, founder of the Golden lineage in the photo on the left, which was taken in 1872.
In the Golden lineage, only hunting dogs were used. In addition to the aforementioned retriever and Tweed water spaniel breeds, other lineages such as the Irish Setter, St. John’s Spaniel and Bloodhound were subsequently added.
The reason why golden retriever dogs were created, is eminently practical. Bird hunting between the aristocracy and the wealthy class in Scotland was very popular during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Because the land is full of swampy areas and streams, many of the dams were lost. The pointer and other existing hunting dogs failed to collect them properly in the water.
The goal of raising Golden Retriever dogs was to obtain a good dog with a soft mouth (that is, not to damage the piece when it was picked up), strong, resistant and suitable for both land and water.
The breed enters the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom in 1903 and 15 years later it is officially accepted in the United States. Today, just one hundred years later, it is one of the most popular breeds in the world, not as a hunter, but as a faithful and good-natured pet.
Golden Retriever Puppy
Watch the following video, this dwarf is a golden puppy, you’ll see that not for still !: