Today, we going to tell you everything you should know before having a Siberian husky dog. This wolf beauty of the snows is not a stuffed animal, but a formidable working dog with an unstoppable physique, suitable for sledding because of its strength and endurance.
- Size: medium
- Weight: males 20.5 to 28 kilos, females 15.5 to 23 kilos
- Height: males 53.5 to 60 cm. to the cross, females 50.5 to 56 cm.
- Hair: medium length
- FCI Classification: Group 5, section 1 “Spitz and primitive dogs, Nordic sled dogs” (without proof of work)
- Skills: company, snow sports
- Other names: Husky, Balto dog, Wolf dog
The Siberian husky has its origin in Chukokta, Russia. He was raised by the Chukchi tribe that used them as a companion dog, to pull the sleds and graze deer. The extraordinary resistance and strength of these animals are due to the fact that this tribe, having to survive in conditions of extreme cold and hardness, only allowed the strongest and fit puppies to live.
Once considered fit, these dogs were adopted, fed and used to perform hard work in the snow, but also to take care of the family and give warmth to the children. Therefore, the huskies were almost revered and treated with much respect by the Chukchis, who understood that without the husky dogs, their survival was not assured.
Recent DNA studies have shown that this is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world, and it would be a pure breed, that is, bred by selection over the centuries, not obtained by crossing pre-existing breeds.
Balto, the Hero Dog of 1925
In 1905 and later years, during the gold rush, Siberian huskys were taken to Alaska, United States. A story in January 1925 is famous in Nome, Alaska, when temperatures of -30ºC were reached leaving the region incommunicado. There was an epidemic of diphtheria that threatened the life of the local population, especially children.
The necessary medicines were in the city of Anchorage, 1,500 km away, but the inhabitants had been held isolated since not even the planes were able to take off to collect the medicines.
Did you hear the name of the dog Balto? It is the dog that appears in the famous Disney movie of the same name. Balto was a very famous husky from which films have been made and are related to the history of the town of Nome.
And it is that the tragedy of Nome, in Alaska, could only be avoided with the help of Balto and another 100 Siberian husky dogs that heroically crossed the Bering Strait, traveling more than a thousand kilometers frozen in a sleigh with the necessary antitoxin for patients.
That same year, 1925, a statue in honor of Balto opened in Central Park, New York. He was accompanied by this excited inscription:
“Dedicated to the indomitable spirit of the sled dogs that brought the antitoxin over 600 miles of icy soil, rough waters, arctic blizzards to help the afflicted Nome in the winter of 1925. Resistance. Fidelity. Intelligence.”
They are muscular, light, fast dogs, with a body that is compact and well proportioned. Of medium size, the weight of the male husky is 20.5 to 28 kilos and in the case of females 15.5 to 23 kilos. Its height at the cross is 53.5 cm. for males, and somewhat smaller for females, between 50.5 and 56 cm. This animal of great beauty, still keeps quite similar in its structure and frame with the wolf.
The husky is an athletic, balanced and strong dog. His movement is free, agile and easy, apparently, he walks without any effort. Males are masculine but not rude, and females are smaller and feminine, but always athletic. The line of the loin is straight from the cross to the rump, it’s back muscled and thin.
It has a medium head, moderately rounded in the upper part of the skull. The snout is elongated, but not excessively, it is tuned towards the truffle but without becoming thin or square. The stop well marked, black lips and tight, without folds and bite in scissors, with large teeth well-formed and aligned.
The coat of the Siberian husky is usually black, liver-colored in reddish dogs and can be flesh-colored in white husky. The “snow truffle” is accepted, which is black, with white stripes on the tip, as in the copy below.
The ears with the husky are triangular with the rounded tip, thick and well covered with hair. Implanted at the top of the head, erect, and not very far apart.
The Siberian husky has a very hairy tail and is said to have a “fox brush” shape because the hair is of medium length both at the bottom and at the top, looking like a large cylindrical brush. At rest, they carry it low, and when they are attentive they carry it bent on the back, sickle-shaped (not curled up).
The Huskys are well covered with dense hair that comes in double layer. An outer layer of medium length that protects them from water, and another inner type that keeps the heat of their bodies.
In Siberian husky, all colors are accepted, the most common being:
Gray, black or brown combined with white on the face, forming a beautiful mask. The legs and lower belly area are usually white. They can also come in pure white, reddish, pure blond or combines with white
The fur patterns that husky present are very beautiful and unique since they are not found in other breeds. It is common to find husky dogs with very striking blue eyes, and even specimens with one eye of each color, usually blue and brown.
If you liked this dog, visit our list of medium dog breeds, with images and information of each, where you will find many other dogs similar to this.
Although it is not ideal, they can live in flats, but they need long walks every day, and run regularly. Running is one of their obsessions, and where these dogs are best found is walking with their owner in open spaces such as trails in the countryside or in the mountains.
The Huskys need company. It is not good to leave them alone for a long time because they can become destructive (dig, bite things), escape or become very depressed and taciturn.
They are somewhat independent dogs, some people consider them less obedient than other breeds, but it is due to their great intelligence and their oldest and free spirit. There are those who compare them with cats in this regard. So they need an owner who knows how to carry them and understand their more “wolfish” side, their love for nature and the pack.
With correct socialization, they can be cheerful, playful as well as very affectionate. That makes them ideal to live with families and children, their patience with them is infinite, and their desire to play never end.
Husky dogs have quite developed hunting instincts, so if they have not been raised together since childhood it is normal for them to chase and kill cats or small rodents. This must be taken into account. They are strong and resistant, being able to carry a light load for many kilometers at moderate speed. When it comes to shooting, trained huskies are always ready to work.
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Health and Diseases of the Siberian Husky
Among the inherited diseases that can occur occasionally husky dogs, are:
- Hip dysplasia: whose symptoms include lameness, mobility difficulties, and chronic joint pain.
Cancer, especially in elderly dogs.
- Hypothyroidism: an endocrine disease that causes the thyroid gland to not produce enough thyroid hormone.
- Eye diseases: such as corneal dystrophy, progressive retinal atrophy, and cataract.
Siberian husky dogs are healthy, strong and healthy, and generally age very well. He has few ailments and they are not prone to being sick.
As a Puppy
The Siberian husky is considered a puppy until he turns one year old. Normally they separate from their mother between two and three months of life, when they reach a weight of 3 to 4.5 kilos.
Siberian husky puppies are born with very small ears and thrown forward. From the first month of life they get up. They need special care, such as a nutritious diet and in sufficient quantity, and walks appropriate to their age. But only after having placed all the vaccines of your puppy, you can take it to the street, if not, it could be infected with deadly viral diseases such as parvo or canine distemper.
Basic Care y care
Among the specific care of this breed:
- Enough exercise: they need a long walk a day, at least 45 minutes, as well as being able to exercise and run at least two days a week.
- Brush your hair: at least twice a week, as they shed a lot of hair and thus help you remove the remains of dead fur from their mantle.
- Don’t bathe your Husky too much: the husky’s fur stays clean and in good condition naturally. They only need regular brushing, and a bath every 3 or 4 months.
- Quality food: give him good quality commercial food, containing at least 30% protein, as well as adequate natural food, based on meat, complemented with cooked vegetables, liver or eggs.
Do not overfeed your husky, or give him too many carbohydrates, since you will only get him to gain weight or develop obesity.
The life expectancy of the Siberian husky dog is 12 to 14 years. With good genetics and proper care, some huskies live up to 15 years, and even rarely they can reach 16 or 17 years.
Generally, females live a little longer than males, so don’t be surprised if you have a sibling partner and the female survives the male for one or two years.
The Ideal Owner
Although they adapt to living with us in the cities, the huskies are a breed of very special Nordic working dogs, bred to withstand temperatures below zero and make great efforts traveling long distances, whether working as shepherds or sled shooters
It is a beautiful dog, affectionate and ultra vital, who loves sports and running, above all things. If you don’t have a big garden for him, and the time and desire to take great walks and races with your husky on a daily basis, we can only recommend that you NOT have a husky. This is no-nonsense, everyone loves the husky race but let’s be realistic.
Kennels always receive abandoned Huskys, because despite being a wonderful dog, not everyone is able to handle them. They are extremely energetic and somewhat nervous dogs, they are not as obedient as other dogs, and of course, they are not snow stuffed animals, but great athletes!
The best advice we can give you, thinking of the huskys, is that unless you are crazy about sports, the mountain or long walks you don’t have one. Unfortunately they hear too often about abandoned husky dogs because the owner says “I don’t know what to do with him anymore, or” I don’t race with him “. People who could ideally take good care of him are single, families with children who are active and like walking, sportsmen and walkers.
In short, people physically active and even better if they live in the countryside or in a house with a large garden, and live in cold regions since the huskys withstand the heat very badly.
If you do not like to collect hairs from your house, better forget this breed since this is one of the dog breeds that loose the most hair of all.
Siberian Husky Price
The price of the Siberian husky is 400 to 1,200 euros.
This depends on the genetic lines of the dog, it’s quality and beauty, the vaccines and official documents that are provided, its international awards and the reputation of the breeder.
It depends on where you live, it is easy to adopt a Siberian husky, especially adult dogs. Visit the kennels and animal shelters in your area. Too often, people abandon husky dogs because they are too active.
If you are going to buy a Siberian husky, always contact breeders responsible for the breed, visit its facilities and meet the puppies and their parents. It is always preferable that puppies are raised in a family environment. Never buy in pet stores or in multi-breed puppy farms, which prevent you from visiting its facilities, the puppy and its parents.