The Beagle or Beagle Elizabeth dog belongs to the group of small-sized dogs very similar to foxhound, but smaller. It is a companion dog suitable for small game. This animal is classified in group 6 section 1.3 by the FCI.
Although the origins of this small dog are not well defined, it is believed that modern Beagle puppies emerged in ancient Greece. The greek historian, Xenophon, mentions a hound with a great smell that hunted hares with great ease in his writings.
On the other hand, there are indications that the Beagle toy dog already existed in the Middle Ages. William the Conqueror, it is believed, took the talbot to the United Kingdom. This white and very slow dog was crossed with a greyhound, giving rise to the Southern Hound. It is believed that the latter is a direct descendant of the Beagle dog that we know today.
The name «Beagle» was used at the time as a name for all small dog breeds. Despite this, those races were very different from modern ones.
It is a very proportioned animal, with a long snout and black truffle. Their ears are of considerable size and look droopy, so we must take special care with their hygiene. His eyes are large and brown, while his feet are firm and strong.
This breed is very similar to a miniature Foxhound, boasts great strength and robustness. Its fur is neither long nor short; It is hard hair and simple to maintain.
Its technical characteristics are as follows:
- Height from the ground to the cross: manageable, between 32cm and 40cm.
- Weight: the weight of this breed ranges between 9kg and 16kg.
- Color: typical of hounds: black, cinnamon and white in their different shades. They are usually bicolor or tricolor (black is the one that may not appear).
- Life expectancy: Beagle live between 12 and 15 years of age.
Even so, this dog breed is very territorial. This causes, sometimes, distant in front of strangers, being shy but not aggressive. The Beagle is always a noble pet and an excellent choice as a watchdog.
Since it is also used for small game, the Beagle dog has an excellent nose. This condition makes him easily distracted in his eagerness to explore the territory around him. That is why it is essential to always carry it on a leash in the street since it will not be strange for you to see him starting a speed run without warning.
Due to their sociable nature, these dogs love to play with both young children and adults. They will always seek to receive affection in the form of caresses from their family and close people.
Given its nature, the Beagle dog is passionate about outdoors. The more they can run and explore, the happier they will be. That is why this dog is ideal for country houses and not apartments, although if you have enough space and take it for a walk often, you will not have any problem.
Finally, this dog loves to eat. You must monitor this aspect on a daily basis to keep his weight in check.
The FCI only recognizes a single type of Beagle, with a height ranging from 32cm to 41cm. Nevertheless, there are those who talk about the following variations of Beagle.
- English Beagle: this variation of Beagle has a slightly longer back, as well as its tail. His lips are shorter than normal and limbs less angulated.
- American Beagle: the American version has a shorter back and tail than its binary counterpart. On the other hand, the lips are thicker and their extremities are angulated.
- Pocket or Dwarf Beagle: the pocket Beagle does not exist. There are only dogs with poor care, rickets or dwarfism. We do not recommend buying this variety so as not to encourage abuse.
This dog can be presented in a wide range of colors.
The white Beagle with brown or black spots is the most common color for this small dog breed. Its lack of pigmentation should not be confused with an albino specimen since this, unlike the white Beagle, has total absence of pigmentation. White specimens do have dark areas, such as truffles or eyes.
It is not common to see a completely black Beagle. Normally, combine black with white or brown colors, although black may predominate on the spine.
This color will have a predominantly brown tone.
This variety is one of the most requested. Combine the white color as a base, with brown or black spots scattered throughout the rest of the body.
- Classic tri: black predominates on the back.
- Dark tri: black predominates mixed with soft brown markings.
- Faded tri: slightly predominant black spots, with more prominent brown.
- Pied: the predominant color is white, with black and brown patches.
Where to buy it?
The dogs we see in pet stores are usually weaned before 3 months of age and are transported in poor condition, which can affect their personality. These dogs are usually more withdrawn than normal.
On the other hand, Internet scams abound and it will be difficult to find a competitive price unless the seller is in a desperate situation or we are faced with a scam. Given the risk, it is best to avoid this medium.
Finally, we have professional breeders. They can guarantee us the good condition of the puppy, it’s monitoring and its registration in the LOE.
That said, the Beagle dog breed can cost around € 500. If you find a cheaper dwarf Beagle, most likely we are facing a specimen without pedigree.
The Beagle breed has adorable puppies. On the Internet, it is common to find Beagle dogs puppies at ridiculous prices ensuring they are purebred. Unfortunately, this point is of vital importance to many people.
Before buying a puppy, you must have health guarantees, genealogy, a guarantee of purity of the breed and pedigree. Otherwise, when the dog is an adult it might not meet the breed’s standards.
It is important that you avoid breeding grounds where many breeds are raised. Normally, these types of hatcheries are usually “factories” and do not serve each breed properly. If a hatchery houses more than 3 breeds, it is recommended that you go to another.
On the other hand, do not accept Beagle dogs puppies that come from Eastern Europe, since the conditions of these animals are usually unfortunate. Most likely it will grow with personality and asocial disorders.
Finally, ask the breeder to show you both the facilities and the parents to make sure that we are facing a pure race.
How to care for a Beagle puppy?
The first thing we must do is to condition our house so that it adapts perfectly to our little Beagle. You should not leave small objects at your fingertips so that you are not attractive to them, and make them familiar with all the rooms in the house.
You also have to make him sleep always in the same place. Make it definitive, since later it will be difficult to get used to sleeping somewhere else.
Another thing you should keep in mind is hygiene. You have to be especially careful with your ears, as it may be the focus of infections. Clean your ears and eyes often to avoid future problems.
As for physical activity, this breed loves to walk and explore, so take it out often to release accumulated stress.
How to train my Beagle?
We can start training our puppy from 2 months of age, at which time it will be weaned. The first thing we should do is choose and name and not change it to avoid confusion. Soon you will get his attention. When so, give him a prize in the form of food or toy.
The second point is to give simple orders. Among them, we can teach him to sit, lie down or remain still.
Once the dog has learned its name and responds to it, you can start learning other basic commands such as sit down, lie down or standstill. To facilitate learning, you can resort to two basic tricks.
Take it to states of excitement and subsequent calm. In this way, you will teach your pet to respect the limits of the game.
Brush it daily. It is shown that carrying out this action strengthens the relationship between dog and owner.
To learn to sit or lie down, we will bring a piece of food to your chest and then guide you with your hand to the position you want to force. If you perform this act several days in a row, you will soon learn the automatism.
On the other hand, you have to keep in mind that, like many hunting dogs, it is easily distracted and may take time to learn certain commands. You must be patient and always apply positive reinforcement. Remember that negative reinforcements can generate personality disorders and generate unnecessary stress on our pets.
How to feed it?
There are several factors that directly influence the amount of food that we should give to this breed. Among them are age, weight and, most importantly, physical activity. We must be especially cautious when feeding our dog since the Beagle has a tendency to obesity.
In the growth, the stage is when more nutrients our pet needs. A Beagle dog is considered to reach adulthood at 12 months of age. That is when we must change the feeding strategy that we will carry out.
Until then, the ideal is for our puppy to eat dry feed for puppies. It must contain the nutrients and proteins necessary to promote the correct growth of our Beagle dog, as well as other substances such as calcium or phosphorus. This will help the proper functioning of your joints and bones, being able to avoid possible osteoarthritis in the future. Keep in mind that, due to its nature and high activity, it is very important to prevent such diseases. We recommend that you do not skimp on expenses when choosing the best feed for your dog.
Here are some guidelines to give you an idea of the amount of food your partner will need:
We will start by giving 170 grams of food a day, gradually increasing the dose to 230 grams at 12 months if it weighs about 12 kg. If your weight is greater, you can increase the amount proportionally without ever giving it more than 290 grams per day. We will ration the food as follows:
- 2-4 months: divide the dose into 4 daily servings.
- 5-6 months: divide the portions into three.
- 7-12 months: give it in 2 portions.
Once our dog has reached adulthood, we will proceed to change the feeding strategy. The idea is to maintain a high-quality feed but specialized in adult dogs. It must contain the same nutrients and minerals as the previous one, although the proteins should cover approximately 41% of the compound.
That said, we will ration the feed into one or two shots. If our Beagle is subject to high physical activity, we will give approximately 280 grams of food a day; 240 grams if you enjoy moderate physical activity and 210 grams if you are sedentary.
It is important that you do not give him more food than he needs. This breed will always ask for more, but we must stand firm unless we see signs as excessive thinness. When in doubt, do not hesitate to consult a veterinarian.
More common diseases
Like all breeds, the Beagle is prone to suffer certain diseases, although it is considered a healthy dog by nature.
- Pulmonary Stenosis: this disease is genetic and causes fatigue and difficulty in breathing.
- Retinal Dysplasia: can cause difficulties in vision and reduce the visual field.
- Microphthalmia: this disorder involves having too small eyes, which can seriously affect the quality of your vision.
Did you know that the most famous dog on television belongs to this breed? It all started in the 50s, when Charles Schulz created this character who, in principle, had no human characteristics. Over time they gave him certain human traits like walking on two legs and ended up captivating the public. In addition, Snoopy is the only Beagle that owns a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
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